1890 O.T. Census
Genealogists constantly bemoan the loss of the 1890 U.S. Census. However, the 1890 Census for Oklahoma Territory was not destroyed because it was not in Washington, D.C. It is located at the Oklahoma Historical Society Research Center in Oklahoma City.
It is available online through Ancestry. A better version of it was recently made from the Oklahoma originals and it was transcribed by volunteers. It is available on CD through the research library for a fee. Plans are to add it to the library's collection.
This was a very detailed census. One of the questions pertained to those who served in the Union Army during the Civil War and information includes what unit they served in and from what state. It also asked how long the person had resided in “The Territory.” The longest period listed was 18 months in the Guthrie Area which was opened April 22, 1889. Although this covers a limited area of what became Oklahoma, many people tried their luck only to return to where they came from or to move on to the next opportunity.
Oklahoma has a unique and varied history. The sources available for researching its early residents reflect this.