MuskogeePhoenix.com, Muskogee, OK

Oklahoma News

June 8, 2014

State advises horse vaccinations for West Nile virus

OKLAHOMA CITY (AP) — Oklahoma horse owners are being encouraged to vaccinate their animals against the West Nile virus and Eastern Equine Encephalitis.

The Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food and Forestry reports about 40 cases in each of the past two years in which horses in the state have been infected with the diseases. They are often carried by birds and transferred to mosquitoes, which spread the viruses through their bites.

“Signs of West Nile virus include weakness, fever, incoordination, seizures, blindness and difficulty getting up,” said assistant State Veterinarian Dr. Michael Herrin. “There are several vaccines available, and we are encouraging horse owners to visit with their veterinarian and determine the vaccination protocol that will best fit their operation.”

The West Nile virus also can be spread to humans. There were 89 human West Nile cases, with seven deaths, in 2013 in Oklahoma, according to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

There is no vaccine to prevent the disease in humans, according to the CDC.

The risk of the viruses can be reduced by eliminating places where mosquitoes breed, such as standing water, according to the Agriculture, Food and Forestry Department.

Water should not be allowed to stagnate in birdbaths or water tanks, and wheelbarrows should be turned over when not in use. Any containers needed for constant use, such as water troughs, should be emptied and flushed twice a week in order to prevent them from becoming mosquito breeding grounds, state officials said.

And, when possible, owners should reduce horses’ outdoor exposure at dawn and dusk, the times of day when mosquitoes that transmit the West Nile virus are most active.

Humans can lessen the chance of being bitten by mosquitoes by using insect repellents containing DEET when outdoors and by wearing long sleeves, long pants and socks when outdoors, particularly between dusk and dawn, the CDC said.

Most people infected with West Nile virus develop no symptoms, the CDC said, but about 20 percent will develop a fever with other symptoms such as headache, body aches, joint pains, vomiting, diarrhea, or rash.

1
Text Only
Oklahoma News
AP Video
Raw: Corruption Trial Begins for Former Va Gov. The Carbon Trap: US Exports Global Warming UN Security Council Calls for Gaza Cease-fire Traditional African Dishes Teach Healthy Eating 13 Struck by Lightning on Calif. Beach Baseball Hall of Famers Inducted Israel, Hamas Trade Fire Despite Truce in Gaza Italy's Nibali Set to Win First Tour De France Raw: Shipwrecked Concordia Completes Last Voyage Raw: Sea Turtle Hatchlings Emerge From Nest Raw: Massive Dust Storm Covers Phoenix 12-hour Cease-fire in Gaza Fighting Begins Raw: Bolivian Dancers Attempt to Break Record Raw: Israel, Palestine Supporters Rally in US Raw: Air Algerie Flight 5017 Wreckage Virginia Governor Tours Tornado Aftermath Judge Faces Heat Over Offer to Help Migrant Kids Kangaroo Goes Missing in Oklahoma More M17 Bodies Return, Sanctions on Russia Grow Raw: Deadly Tornado Hits Virginia Campground
Poll

Should a federal judge have the power to strike down Oklahoma's ban on gay marriage?

Yes
No
     View Results
Featured Ads
Parade
Magazine

Click HERE to read all your Parade favorites including Hollywood Wire, Celebrity interviews and photo galleries, Food recipes and cooking tips, Games and lots more.
Stocks